Blind- spatial representation
Rudimentary spatial representation and intrinsic “visual” world by biophotons in congenitally blind individuals:
A multidisciplinary view
Review 2012 Under review
1,2Bókkon I. 3Salari V. 4Scholkmann F. 5Dai J. 6Grass F.
Visual brain areas play fundamental roles in multisensory integration and crossmodal reorganization, and different sensory signals have been processed and associated with superior cognitive functions. Here, we present many conditions for the emergence of rudimentary nonvisual spatial representation during imagination and rapid eye movement (REM) dreams via crossmodal reorganization without any prior visual experiences in congenitally blind individuals. We also suggest that congenitally blind individuals can graphically represent their rudimentary nonvisual REM dreams. In addition, we briefly describe our biophysical picture hypothesis concerning visual perception and imagery and suggest that congenitally blind individuals might have rudimentary spatial biophotonic representations in their imaginations and in their REM dreams. In other words, congenitally blind individuals might generate intrinsic rudimentary “visual” images through biophotonic representations based on converted haptic and auditory spatial signals.